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Kyiv Draft Master Plan through to 2025 (transport infrastructure development)


The issue of upcoming cardinal qualitative changes of Kyiv transport infrastructure was vigorously discussed by the citizens of this city lately.
Please find below some excerpts from the draft plan prepared by our experts in regard to the Kyiv Master Plan through to 2025.
Currently the capital has 1,630 kilometers of roads, 150 bridges and viaducts, 221 underground crosswalks. The length of the mainline street network is 624.8 km.

The level of road transport network density in Kyiv is significantly inferior to most European capitals and major cities of the world. The density of the primary street and road network in Kyiv is 2.13 km/km2 (in Moscow - 4.4 km/km2, London - 9.3 km/km2, Paris - 15.0 km/km2).
Obviously, the development of road network falls far behind the real needs of the city.

The problems are as follows:
- Low density and congestion of the street and road network;
- Congestion of bridges across the Dnieper River, lack of bridge crossings, significant differences in transportation support between the left- and the right-bank city;
- Lack of parking lots, especially in the downtown area;
- Underdeveloped ring highways around Kyiv city.
Given the above, measures to develop the road network provide for comprehensive development of external highways and mainline road network of the city, taking into account the tendencies of spatial development of Kyiv and the network of international transport corridors.
On the right bank provision is made for further development of radial-ring structure and completion of the right-bank city ring road.
On the left bank provision is made for the creation of new latitudinal and longitudinal lines; reconstruction of existing streets; further construction of the Kyiv city ring road on the left bank; construction of the highway from Kyiv - Chernihiv highway to Vatutina Ave. bypassing Brovary town; construction of a new meridian highway Troieshchyna - Osokorky.

To increase traffic capacity of our streets it is suggested to:
- Complete the construction of Podolskyi bridge crossing and Darnytsia rail-road bridge crossing with approaches thereto; construction of a bridge on the external bypass near Koncha-Zaspa; construction of transport crossing in the north of Obolon; reconstruction of the Paton bridge and the single track Petrovskyi railway bridge to further build a second track; total inclusion of Kyiv railway junction in the system of urban rail passenger transport;
- Construction of urban chord highway from the Great ring road to Boryspil highway along the railway lines.
The following are the primary objectives of the street and road network construction and reconstruction plan: building an underbridge over the railroad tracks throughout Suzdalska to Volynska streets, construction of Kyiv–Irpin highway; construction of highway in Hryhorenka Str.; connection of Dovbusha Str. with Butlerova Str. through Chervonohvardiiska Str.; construction of the Great ring road from Bohatyrska Str. to Obolon Avenue; extending the railroad along the railway road to Liubchenka Str. with an exit to Bozhenka Str.
Besides, construction of multi-junctions, creation of automated traffic control system and many other issues are essential as well.
It would be interesting to learn about the large-scale and ambitious plans for the construction of long transport tunnels.

The Kyiv Master Plan through to 2025 envisages construction of seven tunnels.
Phase one of the project provides for:
Tunnel crossing of the Dnieper River from Peremohy Square to Brovarsky Avenue. It will reduce traffic load of the Metro bridge and transit vehicular traffic through the central part of the city.
Tunnel under the Botanic Garden of the Academy of Sciences of Ukraine form the Naddniprianske highway to Saperno-Slobidska Str. It is necessary to build a right-bank road approach to the railway bridge cross the Dnieper.
Tunnel from Frunze Str. to Chernovola Str. – right-bank approach to Podolskyi bridge.
By 2025 construction of North and South tunnel crossings over the Dnieper River (to determine the type of transport crossing over Dnieper - elevated cross-over or tunnel crossing – a more detailed elaboration is necessary) is intended. It is necessary to extend the right-bank external ring road to the left bank and to construct left-bank transport crossing.
The long-term prospective (after 2025):
A tunnel from Naberezhno-Luhova Str. to Bohatyrska Str. connecting city highways and creating continuous meridian interconnection.
A tunnel from Frunze Str. to Kirovohradska Str. envisaged along the Minor ring road.

The following directions of integrated development of the transport system and street and road network are planned:
- Optimization of the city transport system and adjacent territory, elaboration of measures for transport infrastructure, street and road network as well as internal and external urban transport development;
- Improvement of the city transport system to reduce the time required to transport passengers to their jobs to 30-45 minutes;
- Increasing density and traffic capacity of the road network by building tunnels, bridges, viaducts, multilevel transport junctions, clear carriageways from parked cars;
- Construction of underground and surface multi-storey car parks in densely populated areas of the city and near passenger transfer hubs;
- Priority development of public passenger transport, development of high-speed electric passenger transport (metro, high-speed trams, monorail transport, urban railway);
- Public transport rolling stock upgrade and maintenance;
- Development of commuter transport connections with airports and suburban settlements;
- Development of a system of bypass passages for transit transport considering the needs of sustainable development of suburban area and the city of Kyiv;
- Introduction of an automated traffic management;
- Design of bike lanes, sidewalks and facilities for physically challenged people during construction and reconstruction of the road network.

Formation of an integrated transport and planning framework of the city and the region is suggested, namely:
- Integrated combination of major urban highways with external highways of state and regional significance;
- Completion of the Great city ring road and construction of the Great bypass ring road of Kyiv city;
- Development of a system of alternatives for major city exits on the busiest areas, in particular in the segment between Zhitomir and Odessa routes from Chaika village to Gatne village of Kyiv-Sviatoshyn district;
- Construction of additional radial entrances to Kyiv, including alternate to Kyiv-Chop highway through Sofiivska Borschagivka, Petrivka, Bilohorodka, Bobryk, Horenychi, Lychanka, Muzuchi, Yasnohorodka, Motyzhyn, Fastiv village councils with an exit through a two-level junction to Kyiv - Chop highway;
- Inclusion to international transport corridors to enhance the urban planning potential of Zhitomir, Odessa, Vinnytsia, Kharkiv and Chernihiv main routes, combining them into a single system by constructing the Great Kyiv bypass road.

To reduce the inflow of road transport to the capital it is suggested to create six transport interchange junctions with parking lots (similar to the international system "park and drive"), including two (Kalynivka - Skybin in Brovary district and Hora - Boryspil in Boryspil district) - on the left bank, and four (Marhalivka village in Vasylkiv district, Teremky district of Kyiv city, Buzova village in Kyiv-Sviatoshyn district, Mykulychi village (Borodyansky district) - on the right bank.
Transport interchange junctions will be connected to the city by high-speed electric transport (electric trains, high-speed trams, subway).